Diabetes mellitus is a chronic condition that occurs when the body can’t produce enough or effectively use insulin. Compared with individuals without diabetes, patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) have a considerably higher risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, and are disproportionately affected by cardiovascular diseases.
T2D is associated with cardiovascular (CV) risk factors, such as dyslipidemia, hypertension, hyperglycemia, obesity, and increased oxidative stress. CV disease (CVD) is the leading cause of mortality in patients with diabetes, accounting for ~50% of deaths and reducing the life expectancy of a 60-year-old patient with T2D by an average of 12 years compared with the general population. Indeed, patients with T2D are two to four times more likely to have CVD than the general population.
In contrast, according to a previous study, 86% of the people with diabetes do not consider CVD to be a serious complication of diabetes; they are more likely to be aware of complications such as blindness or amputation, rather than heart disease, heart attack or stroke. So far, traditional awareness campaigns, fact sheets and educational materials have shown only limited effects in making the severity of cardiovascular risks for an individual with T2D tangible